First a government purchase must be planned. Goods or services purchased must be line with Government's policies, and its plans to achieve those policies.
Before procurement can take place, a government purchase must be planned. Goods or services purchased must be line with Government's policies, and its plans to achieve those policies.
The procurement process is part of Supply Chain Management. Supply Chain Management has four phases. These phases cover the “life” of an asset.
Acquisition is one of the four phases. Procurement takes place during the Acquisition stage of Supply Chain Management. It is a process of buying the required goods and services.
Government is elected for a 5-year term. For this term, it develops 5-year plans, known as strategic plans or frameworks. In the current era, the overall 5-year plan of the government must reflect the objectives and plans of the National Development Plan, which set goals the government must reach by 2030.
5-year Strategic Plans are also produced by every government department at the start of a new term. Each financial year, running from 01 April – 31 March the following year, departments must also prepare an Annual Performance Plan.
Budgets are organised in 3-year cycles, known as the medium-term. In October, the Minister of Finance presents the Medium-Term Budget Policy Statement, which sets out how the government plans to budget to meet priorities over the next three years. Then in February, the annual budget speech outlines the priorities and funding for the coming financial year.
In each calendar year, planning and budgeting flow as follows:
Municipalities have a slightly different planning and budgeting process and a financial year that runs three months later than the national and provincial departments, from 01 July – 30 June.
The Treasury Regulations read with Public Service Regulations require the public to be consulted in this planning and budgeting process. This requirement is based on section 195(1)(e) of the Constitution. People's needs must be responded to, and the public must be encouraged to participate in policy-making.
In order to meet the targets in an entity’s Annual Performance Plan, it must procure certain items. It must, therefore, plan what it will procure. This information is captured in a Procurement Plan.
The process of buying goods or services using public funds.
These are institutions created directly by the Constitution, for example the South African Human Rights Commission, or the Public Protector.
Public Finance Management Act 1 of 1999.
Local Government: Municipal Finance Management Act 56 of 2003.
This word has no real meaning in terms of the PFMA and MFMA. What is commonly referred to as state-owned entities like Eskom or Transnet are actually known as “public entities” in terms of relevant legislation.
Public Entities are national or provincial bodies and are defined in the full PFMA in section 1. They are bodies which are fully or substantially funded through public funds and are accountable to either the national or provincial legislatures.